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Các cấu trúc đảo ngữ đặc biệt - Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

Thảo luận trong 'Ngữ Pháp Tiếng Anh' bắt đầu bởi Quốc Anh, 11/1/18.

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  1. Quốc Anh Moderator

    Các cấu trúc đảo ngữ đặc biệt - Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh - Đảo ngữ là một trong những cấu trúc nhấn mạnh thông dụng trong tiếng Anh. Bài viết cung cấp cấu trúc cũng như quy tắc cần nhớ của một số dạng đảo ngữ đặc biệt trong tiếng Anh.

    Các cấu trúc đảo ngữ đặc biệt - Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

    A. LÝ THUYẾT:

    I. Đảo ngữ với Not

    • Mang ý nghĩa phủ định (không)
    • Cấu trúc: Not + N + Trợ động từ + S + V + O
    Ví dụ

    She did not shed a tear when the story ended in a tragedy.

    -> Not a tear did she shed when the story ended in a tragedy.

    II. Đảo ngữ với các từ: Seldom, Hardly, Scarely, Rarely, Little, Never
    • Mang ý nghĩa hiếm khi, ít khi
    • Cấu trúc:
    Seldom
    Hardly
    Scarcely + Trợ động từ + S + V + O
    Rarely
    Little
    Never


    Ví dụ:

    I have never seen such a beautiful girl in my life

    -> Never in my life have I seen such a beautiful girl.

    III. Đảo ngữ với các cụm từ chứa No
    • Ý nghĩa của các cụm từ:
    2018-01-11_13-28-47.png
    • Cấu trúc:
    At no time
    On no condition
    Under no circumstances + trợ động từ + S + V + O
    For no reason
    In no way
    No longer


    Ví dụ:

    He never suspected that his girlfriend was an enemy spy.

    -> At no time did he suspect that his girlfriend was an enemy spy.

    This button mustn’t be touched under any circumstances.

    -> Under no circumstances could this button be touch.

    IV. Đảo ngữ với các cụm từ chứa Only
    • Ý nghĩa của các cụm từ:
    2018-01-11_13-29-10.png
    • Cấu trúc
    Only once
    Only later
    Only in this way + Trợ động từ + S + V + O
    Only then

    • Ví dụ:
    I have met her only once.

    --> Only once have I met her.

    Only after + Noun / Gerund Verb / Clause + Trợ động từ + S + V + O
    Only by


    Ví dụ:

    I did not realize that my family played an important role in my life until later.

    -> Only later did I realize my family played an important role in my life.

    Only when + Clause, Trợ động từ + S + V + O
    Only if


    I did not realize that my family played an important role in my life until I study aboard.

    -> Only when I study abroad, did I realize that my family played an important role in my life.

    B. BÀI TẬP VÀ HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI
    Bài tập 1: Dùng NEVER viết lại câu với hình thức đảo ngữ

    1. She had never been so happy before.=> Never before…………………………………………
    2. I have never heard such nonsense!=> Never…………………………………………………...
    3. I have never seen such a mess in my life.=> Never in my life…………………………………
    4. Our profits have never been higher than they are this year.=> Never…………………………
    5. The film had never before laid on such a sumptuous celebration.=>Never……………………
    6. I've never come across such a horrifying film.=> Never………………………………………
    7. I've never been so moved by a Shakespeare production.=> Never……………………………

    Bài tập 2: Dùng RARELY, SELDOM hoặc LITTLE viết lại câu với hình thức đảo ngữ

    1. One rarely finds good service these days.=> Rarely………………………………………………………
    2. She has rarely travelled more than fifty miles from her village.=> Rarely………………………………
    3. Public borrowing has seldom been so high.=> Seldom…………………………………………
    4. They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony.=> Seldom…………………………
    5. They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success.=> Little……………………………
    6. The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent=> Little…………………………………………
    8. He has seldom seen anything stranger=> Seldom……………………………………………

    Bài tập 3: Viết lại câu sử dụng các cụm từ ONLY

    1.He only thought about having a holiday abroad after he retired.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    2. I only realized how dangerous the situation had been when I got home.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    3. It wasn’t until last week that the Agriculture Minister admitted defeat.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    4. I understood Hamlet only after seeing it on the stage.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    5. They didn’t get round to business until they had finished eating.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    6. They had to wait for twelve hours before their flight left.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    7. I didn’t realize who he was until later.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    8. The door could not be opened without using force.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    9. I won’t agree until Tom’s apologized.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................
    10.The only way you can become a good athlete is by training hard every day.
    => Only.....................................................................................................................

    Hướng dẫn giải:

    Bài tập 1

    1. She had never been so happy before => Never before had she been so happy.

    2. I have never heard such nonsense! => Never have I heard such nonsense

    3. I have never seen such a mess in my life.=> Never in my life have I seen such a mess in my life

    4. Our profits have never been higher than they are this year => Never have our profits been higher than they are this year

    5. The film had never before laid on such a sumptuous celebration. => Never before had the film laid on such a sumptuous celebration.

    6. I've never come across such a horrifying film. => Never have I come across such a horrifying film.

    7. I've never been so moved by a Shakespeare production. => Never have I been so moved by a Shakespeare production.

    Bài tập 2

    1. One rarely finds good service these days.=> Rarely does one find good service these days

    2. She has rarely travelled more than fifty miles from her village=> Rarely has she traveled more than fifty miles from her village

    3. Public borrowing has seldom been so high.=> Seldom public borrowing has been so high

    4. They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony.=> Seldom had they participated in such a fascinating ceremony.

    5. They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success.=> Little did they suspect that the musical was going to be a runaway success.

    6. The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent => Little did the embassy staff realize that Ted was a secret agent

    7. She didn't realize what would happen to her next.=> Little did she realize what would happen to her next.

    8. He has seldom seen anything stranger => Seldom has he seldom seen anything stranger

    Bài tập 3

    1. He is my friend as well as yours.
    => Not only is he my friend but also yours
    2. He not only spent all his money but also borrowed some from me.
    => Not only did he spend all his money but also borrowed some from me
    3. Harry not only broke his leg but also injured his shoulder.
    => Not only did Harry break his leg but also injured his shoulder
    4. He is both intelligent and handsome.
    => Not only is he intelligent but also handsome
    5. She is impatient and dishonest.
    => Not only is she impatient but dishonest as well
    6. The bus not only crashed into a tree, but it also ran over a cat.
    => Not only did the bus crash into a tree but it also ran over a cat.
    7. She not only wrote the text but also selected the illustrations.
    => Not only did she write the text but also selected the illustrations.
    8. She is not only beautiful but also attractive.
    => Not only is she beautiful but also attractive.
    9. He translated not only fast but also correctly.
    => Not did he translate fast but also correctly.
    10. They are not only good at mathematics but also at science.
    => Not only are they good at mathematics but also at science.
     

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